Monday, April 30, 2018

TROPOSPHERIC FALLOUT BELT--Johnson & Christmas Islands Tests, 1962--THE GYRE QUAGMIRE

ANTH 182   UNIVERSITY OF NEVADA, RENO  SPRING 2018    DR JF


(Ground Zero Café)---Following a continuation of study of fallout patterns during the above-ground, ocean testing of atomic weapons 1950-65--




..




























ATTN: ALL JAPANESE TUNA BOATS, PLEASE STEER AT LEAST 200 MILES NE TEST SITES...

Sunday, April 29, 2018

THE RUNIT DOME--Eniwetok Nuclear Burial Site--THE GYRE QUAGMIRE--

ANTH 281  UNIVERSITY OF NEVADA, RENO  SPRING 2018   DR J FERGUSON

(Ground Zero Café)---Following file extracted from the archives-- 11° 32′ 42″ N, 162° 21′ 10.8″ E

Honolulu Star-Bulletin--  (13 April, 1980)--

Text decoded by OCR--


Nuclear burial ground
By FLOYD K. TAKEUCHI Advertiser Editorial Writer
RUNIT, Marshall Islands — From the air, Runit Is-land's 370-foot wide concrete dome looks like a ground-ed spaceship or an oversize upside-down saucer. But this unusual structure, so out of place on this barren. wind-swept spit of sand and coral, serves a deadly pur-pose. It caps over 110,000 cubic yards of highly radioactive soil and debris. The plutonium-enriched waste was literally scraped off the top of many of Enewetak Atoll's 40 islands where 43 nuclear bombs were ex-ploded between 1947 and 1958.
INDEED, THE DOME sits over a crater blown out by a 1958 explosion code-named "Cactus." A similar crater now is a tidal pool next to the dome. Runit is a fitting place for a nuclear burial ground. Nineteen tests were centered around the island, which is situated halfway up the eastern end of the atoll. It is so contaminated with deadly radioactive ele-ments — plutonium, strontium-90 and cesium-137 — that it will be off-limits forever. Anyone who walks over the island's sandy surface must wear a protective gauze mask and special boots. Even those who only walk on the 25-foot high dome must be checked for radiation on their hands and feet. The Cactus crater dome is supposed to shield the surrounding environment from the radioactive waste. It will have to do the job for a long time. While the half-life of strontium and cesium are around 30 years, plutonium's is 24,000 years. That means in the year 25,980 there will still be half as much plutonium radiation there as at present.
The concrete cap, which required over 43,000 bags of cement to build, is between 16 and 21 inches thick. In an effort to slow erosion from the sea, Army engi-neers built a seawall of sand and coral on the ocean side of the dome. They also have to contend with corro-sive salt spray, a common occurence on the low-lying island. Asked if the dome, which was completed last year: could survive the elements for 24,000 years or more, an Army spokesman said no damage is expected. A scientist with the Enewetak cleanup project joking-ly said, "I'd bet on it " The Runit dome is an awesome sight, from both the air and ground There is only sparse vegetation on the small island, and the only other structures are the re-mains of two bunkers.
WITH THE EXCEPTION of occasional visitors who arrive by helicopter, the only mammals on contaminat-ed Runit are the rats. Their hardy ancestors survived the nuclear testing by hiding in underground burrows. This latest genera-tion scampers in the underbrush, eating vegetation that is chock-full of strontium and cesium. Rats also have survived on Enewetak's other islands. According to resident scientists at the Mid-Pacific Marine Laboratory on Enewetak island who have been studying the atoll's rat population, the only observable mutation they have discovered so far is a slight abnor-mality in some rat palates. Dr. Steve Vessey, who heads the project, added they have found "no real scare stories, no two-headed rats."
Honolulu Star Bulletin--13 April 1980











ATTN: ALL TUNA TRAWLERS, STAY CLEAR OF AREA FOR 1000 YEARS..






THE GYRE QUAGMIRE--Eniwetok Atoll H-Bomb Test, 1952--PHOTO COMPARISON, THEN & NOW

ANTH 281  UNIVERSITY OF NEVADA, RENO  SPRING 2018  DR J FERGUSON

(Ground Zero)--  Following photo illustrates the atoll crater 66 years later--

Decoded (OCR) text from the accompanied article at The Waterloo Iowa Courier (01 April 1954)

1952 Eniwetok Atoll H-Bomb test--
 (OCR decoded, see image for actual text)
ISLE HALF ilLE LOU IS NO A CRATER
AEC Releases Blast Pictures Because "People Must Know the Facts."
WASHINGTON (AP)—The government disclosed Thurs-day details of the world's first hydrogen explosion—a sear-ing and crushing fury that wiped out an island in the twinkling of an eye and spawned a gigantic fireball big enough to engulf the heart of New York City. The official motion picture film of the thermonuclear test in No-vember, 1952, conducted by the Atomic Energy Commission and Defense Department at Eniwetok atoll, was made public—in some-what censored form—by the Fed-eral Civil Defense Administration. Must Have the Facts. That agency said it "firmly be-lieves it is necessarr for the Amer-ican public to know the facts about the destructiveness of nuclear weapons." And it quoted from the speech of President Eisenhower before the United Nations Assembly last De-cember which said: "Clearly, if the peoples of the world are to conduct an intelligent search for peace, they must be armed with the significant facts Of today's existence." Awesome as it was, the 1952 test has been described by Eisenhower as only a first step in this nation's hydrogen weapons program.
I
TWO more masts.
There have been two announced thermonuclear blasts in the Pacific proving ground since then, and both have been semi-officially de-scribed as much more powerful. One was set off March 1, the other last Friday. Here are some of the things the motion picture of the 1952 test and the official narration accompany. ing it disclosed: 1. The test device was exploded in a "cab," a small workshop jammed with recording and deton-ating gadgets, on the islet of Elugelab. at the northern rim of Eniwetok atoll. 2. The island, about a half mile long and a quarter mile wide and protruding from the barrier reef of the atoll, vanished. Crater 175 Feet Deep. In the place where it stood there was a crater 175 feet deep, a mile in diameter. The deep blue water of the Pa-cific rolled where the island had stood. Into the yawning submarine crater, on the shelf of the reef where it drops off into 400 fathoms of ocean, was a great hole equal to the height of a 17-story building, capable of containing 14 buildings the size of the Pentagon at Wash-ington. 3. Created was the largest fire-ball of the more than 40 atomic explosions set off until that time-3Y4 miles in diameter. The heat at the core of that churning, brilliant man-made star presumable shot to a momentary
• a -
The Waterloo Iowa Courier 01 April 1954








THE GYRE QUAGMIRE  CAMPAIGN--



Other crater(s)--  The Runit Dome--https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Runit_Island

http://eyelessoncampus.blogspot.com/2018/04/the-runit-dome-eniwetok-nuclear-burial.html




ATTN: FUKARU MARU & ALL JAPANESE TUNA TRAWLERS IN VICINITY--

THE GYRE QUAGMIRE--Radioactive Fallout in the Pacific---THE POISONED PEOPLE, 1954

ANTH281--UNIVERSITY OF NEVADA, RENO  SPRING 2018  DR J FERGUSON


(Fukaru Maru Tuna Co.)--  Following from the archives surrounding atomic testing in the Pacific Ocean in the early Fifties of the last century--

ARIZONA REPUBLIC--13 June 1954--


IMO
Burned Group Wants To Go Back Home
(Editor's Note—A shifting wind cast radioactive ash along an uncharted path after the March 1 testing of the hydro-gen bomb. The result was in-jury to two score natives—and a petition to the United Nations. To get the facts at the scene, AP Correspondent IViWant J. Waugh went from Honolulu to the Marshalls and spent 10 days interviewing in-jured persons and their lead-ers, and personnel who run the atomic tests).
By WILLIAM J. WAUGH KWAJALEIN. Marshall Islands (AP)—They call themselves "the poisoned people." There are the 82 natives "f Rongelap Atoll who were show-ered by radioactive ash from the March 1 explosion of a hydro-gen bomb.
One of them, John Anjin, said' the ash rained down for 24 hours. "It looked like salt," he said. "It came down like a light rain. You could feel it strike your skin. It burned when it touched." SOME OF the "poisoned peo-ple" lost their hair. Others were burned. Almost all of them are cured now—but they can't go home for a year. They are among the Marshall Islanders who have petitioned the United Nations to end Atomic experiments in this area—or at least to see that the United States observes closer pre-cautions. The Marshall Islands, midway between Hawaii and the Philip-pines, came under U.S. control in the war 10 years ago. In 1947 the United States became their trustee under U.N. authority. The islands are low coral atolls with a population of about 11,000. Natives of Bikini and Eniwetok atolls were uprooted in 1946-7 to make way for atomic experi-ments. In the March 1 blast the 82 persons on Rongelap and 154 on Utirik were exposed or en-dangered to such an extent that they were removed from their home atolls. The Utirik people have gone back, but the Ronge-lapers must wait a year—until their atoll is considered safe.
Arizona Republic 11 June 1954


Go Fund Me campaign now active--


ATTN: All tuna boats, vicinity, Bikini atoll & inclusive islands...










THE DARK CONTINENT--Stanley Finds Livingstone--AKRON BEACON JOURNAL 1890

ANTH 281--UNIVERSITY OF NEVADA, RENO--SPRING 2018 --DR J FERGUSON

(Café Ujiji)--Following document discovered during exploration of archives with search term "Dark Continent:--



AKRON BEACON JOURNAL, (25 JAN, 1890)--Excerpt from the report--


(TEXT DECODED FROM JPG VIA OCR)--

     Henry 1I. Stanley was born in America in 1841. The place of his birth has been a matter of dispute, but it is enough to know that he is a native of this country, and that the homage paid him by foreign powers have not in the least turned his head against his mother country. Enter-ing the profession of journalism, he early became renowned as a special correspondent of the New York Her-ald, and in that capacity made expe-ditions into various parts of the world in search of information re-garding strange people and places, in order that his fellow country men might learn through the columns of the press. all that a brilliant journalist could find out about the country the geographers gave so little information
  
..  Sketches from the expedition--




   Starting from Zanzibar in the month of April, 1871, he succeeded in meeting Livingston at 'LW on November 10 of the same year —what an entire expe-dition, equipped by the English, had failed to accomplish. In July, 1S72, Stanley arrived in England, and re-ceived a universal ovation. Again starting out with an exploring party he headed for the interior of Africa, and by his subsequent exploration of the lake region of equatorial Africa and of the Lualaba Congo in 1874-7, he placed himself in the front rank of African travellers. Under a joint commission from the New York Her-ald and the London Daily Telegraph, Stanley started from the eaRtern ennat. Akron Beacon Journal 25 Jan 1890 

(Note in the Beacon-Journal article, Livingstone's name is misspelled..)

ARTICLE EXPORTED TO GOFUNDME "SPEECH COMMUNITIES" CAMPAIGN--JC..
https://www.gofundme.com/speechcommunities

Saturday, April 28, 2018

NIGHT SHIFT--New release by JC Langelle--(C) 2018 SOUNDCLOUD



..


.Marvin, he was a friend of mine
And he could sing a song
His heart in every line
Marvin sang of the joy and pain
He opened up our minds
And I can hear him say
talk to me so you can see
What's going on
Say you will sing your songs
Forevermore

Gonna be some sweet sounds
Coming down on the nightshift
I bet you're singing proud
I bet you'll pull a crowd
Gonna be a long night
gonna be all right
On the nightshift
you found another home
I know you're not alone
On the nightshift

Jackie hey what you doing now
It seems like yesterday
When we were working out
Jackie you set
The world on fire
You came and gifted us it lifted us
Higher and higher
Keep it up and
We'll be there
At your side
Oh say you will sing
Your songs forevermore

Gonna be some sweet sounds
Coming down on the nightshift
I bet you're singing proud
Oh I bet you'll pull a crowd
Gonna be a long night
It's gonna be all right
On the nightshift
Oh you found another home
I know you're not alone
On the nightshift

Songwriters: FRANNE GOLDE, DENNIS LAMBERT, WALTER ORANGE
Originally recorded by the Commodores, © Warner/Chappell Music, Inc., Universal Music Publishing Group,
(1985)

Friday, April 27, 2018

ANTH281--Dr. HO Beyer and the Philippines--WAVES OF MIGRATION THEORY

ANTH 281--UNIVERSITY OF NEVADA, RENO//SPRING 2018  DR J FERGUSON

(The Dig)-- Following background on settling of the islands--


RETHINKING HISTORY , CONSERVING HERITAGE ARCHAEOLOGY AND COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT IN IFUGAO, PHILIPPINES
Stephen Acabado, Marlon Martin, and Adam J. Lauer

Rethinking Philippine History Philippine narratives, especially those that tell of the origins of Filipinos, are still based on the Waves of Migration theory, popularized by H.O. Beyer, considered the founder of Philippine Anthropology. The model was initially introduced by Spanish friars early in the Spanish colonial period. Ferdinand Blumetritt, an Austrian scholar during the Spanish-era Philippines, refined the model in 1882 (Scott 1994). Beyer’s theory was the first model developed to explain the origins of people who settled the islands that now comprise the Philippines. The model claims that a succession of different groups arrived in waves, with varying biological and cultural sophistication; there was a very specific racial typology, with each wave getting lighter and lighter as the level of culture got “higher and higher.” On this model, the dark-skinned pygmies that Beyer classified as the Negritos were the first group to inhabit the islands. They currently inhabit interior mountain ranges across the Philippine archipelago because, as Beyer postulated, of their “inferior culture.” They were pushed to the mountains when a second group arrived, identified by Beyer as the Indonesian A and B. The last group, the Malays, arrived in three successive waves, the last group appearing just before contact with Europeans. The last wave was eventually Islamized and Christianized. They settled the lowlands, thereby pushing the Indonesians and the first two waves of Malays to the mountains. The first two waves of Malays were not converted to either Islam or Christianity.

https://www.ifugao-archaeological-project.org/uploads/6/4/4/7/6447606/rethinking_history-conserving_heritage.pdf

Des Moines Tribune--05 Jan 1967---Dr. H Otley Beyer--





A CONTINUÉ

..

TU ES PART LOIN DE MOI--Nouvelle chanson de JC Langelle--(C) 2018 SOUNDCLOUD

.





Trains et bateaux et avions allaient par
c'était un voyage à Paris ou à Rome
Pour quelqu'un d'autre pas pour moi
Les trains et bateaux et les avions
tu es parti, loin de moi

Nous étions amoureux et très haut
Nous avions une étoile à souhaiter
et les rêves deviennent réalité, mais pas pour moi
Les trains et bateaux et les avions
tu es parti, loin de moi

Vous venez d'une autre partie du monde
Vous deviez y retourner et ensuite
Vous avez dit que vous reviendriez
J'attends ici comme je l'ai promis à
J'attends ici, mais où es-tu?

Trains et bateaux et avions vous ont emmené
chaque fois que je les vois je prie
Si ma prière peut traverser la mer
Les trains et bateaux et les avions
Va apporter ici, retour à la maison pour moi






Wednesday, April 25, 2018

ANTH 281 ESSAY--Go Fund Me Campaign--SPEECH COMMUNITIES--

ANTHROPOLOGY 281  UNIVERSITY OF NEVADA, RENO  SPRING 2018 DR J FERGUSON

(Le Café)--Following now available for your consideration--



     The Great Wall of China dates back hundreds of years before the birth of much of modern Western civilization. It was meant to prevent hordes of nomads from invading the empires that existed at the time. The 20th century saw the rise of the Berlin Wall following World War Two and the  Demilitarized Zone that segregated North and South Korea when a truce was signed in that conflict. Those walls prevented people from sharing their common interests. Other walls and barriers create the same climate of isolation, bigotry and racial divide; we are concerned with those related to language.
     By some estimates, there are over 7000 languages worldwide, each with innumerable dialects, regional variations and accents by those who speak them. They needn't be a burden for those outside of the communities, but an opportunity to integrate into them, to understand and even speak them, if not fluently, at least with a certain degree of understanding.
     In linguistic anthropology, the tools exist to bring all that diversity together to create a method so that cross-cultural walls can be torn down, removing the suspicion and fear created by ignorance of the other culture. It is the objective of this project to explore whatever possibilities exist to bring communities together. The key is language, the opportunity is there.





     Creator of campaign: James Langelle is an undergraduate English major at the University of Nevada in Reno. His Anthropology 281 course  has a specific interest in speech communities and their effect on the culture as a whole. By creating this campaign and raising funding for it, James will be personally involved in direct relations with as many diverse sub-cultures as possible in order to discover the common ground shared by all.





Monday, April 23, 2018

ENG 102-1105 ESSAY -- The Great Pacific Garbage Patch--THE OCEAN CLEANUP PROJECT

ENG 102-1105
Prof M Judd
University of Nevada, Reno
Spring 2018    24A18
James Langelle

Open Letter to Environmentalists Worldwide,
 
 
   Noah probably didn’t pay much attention to all the debris from the land that rushed into
the sea when it rained forty days and nights during the Great Flood. But in those days, everything was of Biblical proportion. There was also no mention in the Old Testament as to who was going to clean it all up when the waters receded; that chapter forgotten, left out, assigned to a lesser uncredited scribe. The Achaeans having sacked, pillaged, looted and burned Troy to the ground, didn’t pay much attention to the mess they left behind in the harbor as they sailed away victorious with the spoils of war. Homer fails to mention the condition of the Mediterranean, concerned more with what Odysseus would encounter next in his twenty year journey to return to Ithaca. When the Brits retreated from Dunkirk, they left behind a monumental heap of garbage; when the Allies hit Normandy on D-Day, the last thing on Ike’s  mind was policing the beach, some enlisted personnel out there on trash detail. Those responsible were hidden in the holds of the ark, the galleons and the landing craft.
    Now its modern times, the 21st Century. Out on the oceans huge whirlpools, known as “gyres” that control the flow of water between the continents, have collected all the debris from centuries past. There are old fishing nets that have been lost in storms or cast overboard intentionally, buoys that have broken loose and reduced to pebbles. There is garbage, dumped indiscriminately by coastline developing nations as mountains of it in the poor districts of the cities collapse in monsoon avalanches, killing the poor who live by them in crudslides. There is plastic, reduced by saltwater into billions and billions of particles, floating like a primordial soup in the gyres, from the surface down to several fathoms.  It can’t be spotted on Google Earth because of the miniscule sizes of the particles, which makes it metaphorically akin to sweeping it under the carpet; an invisible floating continent.
    In the past, the task of addressing an environmental quagmire was relegated to activist organizations such as Greenpeace, the Sierra Club, Friends of the Earth and others acting independently. For the United States government, the job fell under the direction of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Throughout the years, environmental disasters have taken on many forms such as the Bhopal gas leak ( India, 1963); the 3 Mile Island nuclear accident  (Pennsylvania, 1979) that released radioactive gas and iodine into the environment;  the Chernobyl nuclear catastrophe (Ukraine, 1986); and the Exxon-Valdez oil spill (Alaska, 1989). Nature itself has created phenomenal environmental disasters such as the eruption of Mt. St. Helens (Washington state, 1980). In every case the cleanup, although monumental, was nevertheless achieved to whatever degree possible. In the case of the current ocean garbage-plastic pollution crisis, there has been no real effort to tackle the impossible.
    Digressing for one minute, it is noteworthy that Governor Andrew Cuomo of New York  has introduced legislation even as this essay is being written to ban point-of-sale single-use plastic bags from the state. To quote the governor,
    "The blight of plastic bags takes a devastating toll on our streets, our water and our natural resources, and we need to take action to protect our environment."
    The governor went on to add,
    "As the old proverb goes: 'We did not inherit the earth, we are merely borrowing it from our children,' and with this action we are helping to leave a stronger, cleaner and greener New York for all."
   The governor’s actions are based on the New York State Plastic Bag Task Force’s  88 page report from January of this year. Similar laws already exist in a number of regions and states across the country and it is the emphasis on “point-of-sale,” the source of the problem, that needs to be seriously addressed. In the meantime, there is another effort underway, again even as this essay is being written, to attack the Great Pacific Garbage Patch in a frontal assault. This effort is on the West Coast, in the Bay area of California.
    Naturally scientists were skeptical of Boyan Slat, a young Dutch college dropout, when he launched a crowdfunding project with the idea of creating a revolutionary system that would scoop up the floating plastic soup and allow sea creatures to swim around and under it. Now, eight years later, having scooped up the finances first in order to develop the process, Mr. Slat is currently assembling the system at the old Oakland Navy Yard where the initial shakedown cruise will tow it out into the gyre allowing  it will float freely with hanging anchors. The plastic tubes and net assemblies below them are expected to retrieve debris by the shipload and a given number of the retrieval systems will be deployed as early as July of this year. It is unproven but there is no better place to start.
    Statistics are staggering on the size of the invisible continent and Mr. Slat’s company, The Ocean Cleanup, estimates that it will be no sooner than the year 2050 before the denizens of the sea can have unfettered access to their environment again.
Will it be enough? If there were a Malthusian equation applied to the problem, the reason scientists are skeptical is because the cleanup effort is arithmetic while pollution, or ocean dumping of waste materials, is exponential. There would be no need to scoop trash out of the water if the world wasn’t dumping it in, that’s the bottom line.  Where can this be brought clearly into focus? Regulation by government agencies, maybe, but that’s not enough. All the EPA type bureaucracies can do is fine those waste management corporations that violate unlawful waste disposal practices. What about the environmental groups, the save-the-Earth crowd? There isn’t enough money to go around although The Ocean Project has at least proven there are concerned financiers out there willing to take a gamble on a worthwhile project, for the sake of the planet.
    In conclusion, there is no guarantee that any system will be adequate to achieve the impossible, but that is what makes the challenge so compelling. A popular line in many science fiction movies is that, “failure is not an option.”  We might also add Ralph Nader’s famous line that hopefully, our efforts will be, “too big to fail.”


References:


Ecotoxicology of Plastic Marine Debris




Three MIle Island






Governor Cuomo and plastic legislation


NYS Plastic Bag Task Force (Report as PDF file on this site)


Boyon Slat, The Ocean Cleanup


Ocean Pollution 101:


Note: This is the final draft of the assignment as it has been submitted for review and grade.
James L.


Sunday, April 22, 2018

TU ES PARTI, LOIN DE MOI---Nouvelle Version de JC Langelle--(C) 2018 REVERBNATION






..


Trains et bateaux et avions allaient par
c'était un voyage à Paris ou à Rome
Pour quelqu'un d'autre pas pour moi
Les trains et bateaux et les avions
tu es parti, loin de moi

Nous étions amoureux et très haut
Nous avions une étoile à souhaiter
et les rêves deviennent réalité, mais pas pour moi
Les trains et bateaux et les avions
tu es parti, loin de moi

Vous venez d'une autre partie du monde
Vous deviez y retourner et ensuite
Vous avez dit que vous reviendriez
J'attends ici comme je l'ai promis à
J'attends ici, mais où es-tu?

Trains et bateaux et avions vous ont emmené
chaque fois que je les vois je prie
Si ma prière peut traverser la mer
Les trains et bateaux et les avions
Va apporter ici, retour à la maison pour moi

Tuesday, April 17, 2018

ESSAY--The Contiguous Mexico-US Border Dispute--A DMZ BUFFER ZONE PROPOSAL

ENGLISH 102-1105//UNIVERSITY OF NEVADA, RENO//SPRING 2018// JC LANGELLE


"...except possibly where a demilitarized zone exists such as the DMZ separating North and South Korea."



     (Coco's, Ensenada)--The Mexico-US border has been accurately calculated to be 1954 miles from ocean to gulf. According to the CIA World Factbook records, all the world's borders combined make up about 151,000 miles. Consider that the nations' borders have probably been determined relative to each country so that overlapping miles exist throughout the data set. In other words, 151k miles includes the overlap. One could argue in all fairness that the border is delineated according to the nation and might be considered its domain, except possibly where a demilitarized zone exists such as the DMZ separating North and South Korea. The ratio  (below) is but a figurative way to get a perspective on just exactly how much "border" land is being disputed, contested, by the two parties involved; Mexico and the United States.

Mexico-US border = 1954 miles
World land borders = 151,000 miles
(In km at CIA World Factbook:
 https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2096.html)

Percentage of miles that the contiguous Mexico-US border represents with respect to world borders  (approx.):

            (1954/151,000) = 0.01252564102

      Just 4 states border the border with Mexico, or 8 percent of the Union. The Federal Government has no business telling the states adjacent to the border how to police the border. It's a borderline issue that needs to be addressed to the 92 percent. The reciprocal is also true. There is only one party on the other side of the border, that being Mexico. A great number of the refugees from the south do not come from Mexico although it is expected to pick up the tab for the itinerant traffic northbound. The problem isn't just a dual concern of Mexico and the United States but one of South America and North America. It is not, under any stretch of diplomacy, being addressed that way.  There has not been any form of summit to address immigration in the Western Hemisphere as an overall concern, at least not directly related to the border dispute, for many years.
     Understand that this is no longer a mere difference on refugees crossing a border without consent of the two governments involved where the border exists, but has become a bona fide dispute over the border itself. One cannot accurately define a border between two nations in terms of its territorial dimensions, except for length. If the border between Mexico and the United States is partially represented by the Rio Grande River, just where exactly does the "borderline" fall? In the middle, on the north and south banks? Who owns the territory that is considered the river itself?
     The last presidential election in the United States has brought into focus like never before the border issue, creating a stigma for the nations below it, making pariahs and outcasts out of them in the eyes of those north of it. Politicians have a very keen understanding of the propaganda currency of the border issue, but are totally ignorant of what to do about it, other than use it to fuel racial and bigoted nationalist sentiment. Because of the tendency to alienate America's neighbors for political expedience, the border controversy cannot be resolved by the nations directly affected by it, that being Mexico and the United States.
     We have seen the most bizarre solution yet in the form of some sort of all-pervasive wall that will theoretically halt the flow of immigrants from the south to the north. This solution exists only in the minds of political aspirations and has no place at all in practical application, and politicians care very little for that side of the equation. The next attempt for resolving the escalating conflict is deployment of military forces, the national guard, along the border. This is yet more political grandstanding without diplomatic regard for neighboring nations, a shameful, desperate act on the part of the United States. Leadership in the White House has taken a giant leap backwards in foreign policy by this brash gesture.
     Where, then, lies the solution? It is twofold. It begins with a substantive summit of all the nations of the Western Hemisphere, no matter how big, or how small. Each delegate has a vote, each has his, or her, say in the dispute. The proposition for a wall will not even be considered. What will be considered, however, is a demilitarized zone (DMZ), on both sides of the border. It will be patrolled not by components of the armed forces of the two nations involved, Mexico and the United States, but by foreign intervention forces from the Western Hemisphere alliance. The buffer zone will be funded by the alliance, all nations in the party agree to monitor its own nation for refugees on the move without consent and proper documentation.
     In brief, the wall has gone the way of the one in Berlin even before it is built. The adjacent nations insistence on alienation has created a stalemate to diplomacy that cannot be tolerated in the formative years of the Twenty-First century. The proxy Twitter war being fought by the Oval Office indicates a total lack of  consideration for the feelings of the people south of the border who are our "amigos." All of the above may well be within reach, and it may also be true that those in power are keenly aware of it.

Monday, April 16, 2018

CALIFORNIA NATIONAL GUARD--Message from Stalag Luft III--CRASHING THE BORDER

TO HILTS FROM X SUBJ  "TALLY HO..!!"

(Officers Country)-- Recommendation issued from  X following discovery of "Tom" by the stooge Werner "The Ferret."

" Just 4 states border the border with Mexico, or 8 percent of the Union. The Federal Government has no business telling the states adjacent to the border how to police the border. It's a borderline issue that needs to be addressed to the 92 percent.

     "The reciprocal is also true. There is only one party on the other side of the border, that being Mexico. A great number of the refugees from the south do not come from Mexico although it is expected to pick up the tab for the itinerant traffic northbound. The problem isn't just a dual concern of Mexico v s United States but one of North America and South America. It is not under any stretch of diplomacy being addressed that way.  There has not been any form of summit to addres immigration in the Western Hemisohere as an overall concern."

Capt. Hilts, USAF,  will be testing the border upon his breakout in a novel fashion, pictured below--



All other assigned personnel will continue with their duties in digging out Harry in hut 110. Tighten up the stooge network, we do not want this latest endeavor discovered. The Scrounger needs to get us the necessary documents ASAP and The Forger has been having eye trouble of late so it will be up to you other chaps to get those forgeries in order before the breakout.

Let's look sharp and go about our duties, God Save the Queen..!!

Ramsey, SBO.


"The Great Escape" (1963)--now playing on Films.org--

https://ffilms.org/the-great-escape-1963/



"Tally Ho..!!"

Wednesday, April 11, 2018

ENG102-1105--Essay on Open Letter--THE GYRE QUAGMIRE


ENG102-1105/UNIVERSITY OF NEVADA/RENO/PROF M JUDD/SPRING2018/

Open Letter to Environmentalists Worldwide,




     Noah probably didn’t pay much attention to all the debris from the land that rushed into the sea when it rained forty days and nights during the Great Flood. But in those days, everything was of Biblical proportion. There was also no mention in the Old Testament as to who was going to clean it all up when the waters receded; that chapter forgotten, left out, assigned to a lesser uncredited scribe. The Achaeans having sacked, pillaged, looted and burned Troy to the ground, didn’t pay much attention to the mess they left behind in the harbor as they sailed away victorious with the spoils of war. Homer fails to mention the condition of the Mediterranean, concerned more with what Odysseus would encounter next in his twenty year journey to return to Ithaca. When the Brits retreated from Dunkirk, they left behind a monumental heap of garbage; when the Allies hit Normandy on D-Day, the last thing on Ike’s  mind was policing the beach, some enlisted personnel out there on trash detail. Those responsible were hidden in the holds of the ark, the galleons and the landing craft.
     Now its modern times, the 21st Century. Out on the oceans' huge whirlpools, known as “gyres” that control the flow of water between the continents, have collected all the debris from centuries past. There are old fishing nets that have been lost in storms or cast overboard intentionally, buoys that have broken loose and reduced to pebbles. There is garbage, dumped indiscriminately by coastline developing nations as mountains of it in the poor districts of the cities collapse in monsoon avalanches, killing in crudslides the poor who live by them. There is plastic, reduced by saltwater into billions and billions of particles, floating like a primordial soup in the gyres, from the surface down to several fathoms.  It can’t be spotted on Google Earth because of the miniscule sizes of the particles, which makes it metaphorically akin to sweeping it under the carpet; an invisible floating continent.
     Of the many environmentalist organizations active in monitoring the crisis, Greenpeace is the one with the most name recognition.  Press coverage of the group throughout the years has bordered on negative, its ocean going fleet consists of but three serviceable ships. The Rainbow Warrior has been at the forefront of challenging the whaling industry but beyond that, little attention has been paid  to focus world attention on toxic cleanup of the oceans. Part of the reason may be the organization’s budget, a paltry $250 million; possibly also due to the evolution of Greenpeace into a bureaucracy, with a title that conjures up negative publicity and linking it to radicalism on the high seas.  Other efforts to create a clean ocean mindset surrounds attempts to remove the negative stigma of radical response in general, likening it to “marine activism.” Reduced to yet another hippie-type utopian worldview, nations, corporations and individuals responsible for the mess actively seek to address the issue as paranoia generated by those who want clean water on the planet for humans as well as for the creatures who live in it.
     Where in the scope of things does clean ocean water fit into the generalized category of climate change? Consider the effect of a plastic soup extending for thousands of square miles, hundreds of feet deep, under the constant pressure of current, solar temperature and saltwater. Next, consider the recent phenomenon known as “atmospheric river” that develops out in the South Pacific and streams inland, inundating the western coastline.  It makes for great headlines on an otherwise rather mundane nightly weather report but little attention is paid to its origin in recent years. Those same gyres responsible for centering the floating plastic continent out on the ocean are also directly related to the flow of the river of rain onto the shore; the air  superheated by the polyvinyl chloride (PVC) aqueous solution at sea level.  Combined with other forms of atmospheric pollution, commonly aggregated into the category of “acid rain,” the degree of PVC reintroduction via the atmospheric river into the immediate environment may well be underestimated.  Due to five years of drought on the West Coast, all of which came to a stunning reversal in a recent winter that saw lakes and reservoirs fill up overnight, no one seemed to care about the Ph content of the water that fell from the sky.
     Where to find a solution to prevent the river up above eventually covering the earth in a celluloid film? Where to find a solution for being able to sail from San Francisco to Honolulu and not see a turtle hopelessly entangled in a knotted up fishing net?  Don’t throw that plastic candy bar wrapper in the trash at the student union, toss it into the bin marked “Recycle.”  Otherwise we will have to wait to find Noah’s ark up in the mountains of Ararat  for the answers.

Monday, April 9, 2018

#TRADEWAR PRIMER--Quantitative vs. Qualitative-- THE (NO) CALL TO DUTY ROSTER

ENG102-1105//ESSAY//UNIVERSITY OF NEVADA, RENO//SPRING 2018//PROF M JUDD

PRELIMINARY ESSAY NOTES #002--

     (Starbucks Cantina)--Curiously, the items that are being tossed about for tariff consideration have some similarities and some major differences. Note that there is a major discrepancy first of all in the overall number of products under consideration; for China the list stands just over 100 items, for the United States, the trade cops have pegged 1300 plus items for import tax.
    

Posted on CNBC last Wednesday, the China boycott consists of products that range from foodstuffs, automobiles and chemicals:


https://www.cnbc.com/2018/04/04/the-full-list-of-us-products-that-china-is-planning-to-hit-with-tariffs.html

Some of the items listed the general population probably has no interest in at all with the exception of tobacco. There appears to be some question as to why there is great emphasis on what looks like a luxury item, expensive automobiles. As if the average Chinese person needs some high-profile SUV for the upcoming ski sojourn in the Himalayas. Is this just a political statement or will it actually impact the US auto industry? In fact, many of these types of vehicles can be obtained from other sources, as can numerous items on the list. What's not on the list?  Educational materials, electronic gadgets, and household items that would make life easier and more convenient for the the working class.  There is also no mention of clothing items.

As for the reciprocal barriers being imposed by the United States, the list is far more extensive, but doesn't necessarily include familiar items that may be found in the large shopping markets like WalMart.   The media has made a big deal out of exporting soy products and steel-aluminum exports but little has been said, once again, of what's not on the list:


 https://ustr.gov/sites/default/files/files/Press/Releases/301FRN.pdf

Again, it appears the average working stiff consumer may escape the escalating  standoff as many products, are just not relevant to his or her needs.  Some or most of the electronic gadgets the American can do without or can find from another market.  Much of the stuff, from chemicals to aircraft to machine motor parts have no place in the lower echelon consumer market, where demand is based on need, not on component assembly for a complete product for consumption.
Given also that there are tens of thousands of items categorized on the HTSUS, it would be difficult to hammer down just where deprivation exists for the Jenny Average in the middle and lower classes. Once again, the absence of clothing items, shoes, and personal commodities seem to have taken backstage to the tariff pegging performance currently running at the administration playhouse.
     It also appears the trade bureau had to look long and hard to come up with the comprehensive list of 1300 plus items to make the effort pay off, since there may not be as many big ticket items coming out of China to make the tariff endeavor profitable. It may be no surprise as a result that both the Hang Seng and the Dow show positive gains today as the traders, the other traders, don't see much future in threats over trade taxing, boycotts and embargoes, not now, or historically.