Sunday, August 26, 2018

THE ROAD TO LIMA---Peru Refugee Entry Document--COMISION ESPECIAL PARA LOS REFUGIADOS

UNIVERSITY OF NEVADA, RENO  FALL 2018--- ANTHROPOLOGY 281-JOURNALISM 108


INTRODUCTION--Venezuelan expatriates enroute to Lima via Colombia and Ecuador were stopped at the Peruvian border due to the restriction placed on them requiring a valid passport upon entry. In place of the passport, a document that would establish "asylum," or refugee status, could be obtained at the border control agency for application to enter the country.


BUSINESS STANDARD REPORT--
Prime Minister Cesar Villanueva today said that Peru was "not prepared" for the huge flow of migrants streaming in from crisis-wracked Venezuela but insisted that his country would stand in "solidarity" with the arrivals.
He compared the influx to a sudden "gust of wind," with more coming every day.


Getty images has provided a copy of the document and a facsimile has been created and found below:


CARGO
Tumbes,...de...2018
SOLICITUD DE REFUGIO
COMISION ESPECIAL PARA LOS REFUGIADOS
Yo..., de nacionalidad..., con documento de identidad No...., {Passporte/Cedula de identidad} me presento ante ustedes para solicitar la condicion de refugiado en el Peru.
Acompanian mi solicitud mes familiares, cuyos datos son los siguentes.
Las razones por las que solicito refugio en el Peru son:
En caso de tener alguna necesidad que requeiro especial urgente, indicarta en las lineas siguentes.
En caso no contar documentos….Agradesco su gentil attencion




A simulation of the Refugee Declaration Document has been created below:




The text of the document, translated into English (roughly)

POSITION
Tumbes, ... de ... 2018
REFUGE REQUEST
SPECIAL COMMISSION FOR REFUGEES
I ..., of nationality ..., with identity document No ...., {Passport / Identity Card} I present myself before you to apply for refugee status in Peru.
Accompany my request family month, whose data is as follows.
The reasons why I request refuge in Peru are:
In case of having any need that you require special urgent, indicate in the following lines.
In case you do not count documents ...

Agradesco his gentle attention



Supporting Files:
https://www.business-standard.com/article/pti-stories/peru-pm-says-unprepared-for-migrant-influx-but-vows-solidarity-118082700016_1.html
https://www.gettyimages.fi/detail/news-photo/venezuelan-national-shows-a-copy-of-a-refugee-application-news-photo/1023252560
http://tyglobalist.org/onlinecontent/reporting-trips/peru-2016/the-growing-health-food-industry-in-peru-not-just-for-tourist/

UNIVERSITY OF NEVADA, RENO  FALL 2018--- ANTHROPOLOGY 281-JOURNALISM 108


THE ROAD TO LIMA--Background on Asylum in Peru--ENTRY WITHOUT A PASSPORT

UNIVERSITY OF NEVADA, RENO--FALL 2018  ANTHROPOLOGY 281--


INTRODUCTION:  Deadlines having passed for those of Venezuelan citizenship seeking to enter Peru without a required passport, it is appropriate to examine the background of rules affecting those seeking what is now being reported as "asylum." Migration officials have stated that certain persons, kids, pregnant women and sick people, would be allowed to enter after reporting 80% of Venezuelans had passports. (Video below from Migration Superintendant, Eduardo Sevilla, click on image)


LEGAL FRAMEWORK GOVERNING INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION (Peru)
   Peru has signed the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees and the 1967 Protocol. The national legal refugee protection framework is principally found in the Refugee Act No. 27891 (year 2002) and its complementary regulation. The regulation’s purpose is to oversee the entry of refu- gees and the recognition of their status, as well as the legal relationship between the State and a refugee, in accordance with the Political Constitution of Peru and international treaties ratified by the State on this matter.
The refugee, once recognized by the Peruvian State, has the same rights and obligations granted to a foreign resident by the Constitution and laws.


THE REFUGEE CONVENTION, 1951
     The representative of Peru pointed out that both the French delegation's draft Preamble and the amendment proposed to it in document E/AC.7/L.71 referred to the 'right of asylum', an expression which, in international law, and particularly in Latin America, was used, not for ordinary refugees, but for political refugees. To avoid confusion, he suggested that the expression 'seeking refuge' should be used in place of the word 'asylum'.
     The French representative recognized that there was a difference in meaning between the word 'asile' (asylum) and the word 'refuge' (refuge) but pointed out that in practice they amounted to exactly the same thing. When a foreigner sought sanctuary in France, he was first granted the right of asylum, and then accorded the status of refugee. It was therefore impossible to draw a distinction between the two concepts in his country, as could apparently be done in Peru.


     Furthermore, the word 'asile' (asylum) was used in Article 14 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in the same sense as in the text submitted by the French delegation. The representative of Chile, alluding to the Peruvian representative's doubts, said that the expression 'asylum' used in the draft Convention was equivalent to the expression 'seeking refuge', and had no connection with the diplomatic right of asylum in vogue in Latin American countries and given legal effect in several international conventions. The latter should properly be called 'diplomatic asylum'; it was called 'asylum' only as a matter of habit. The provisions of the draft Convention in no way interfered with the system of diplomatic asylum which the Peruvian representative was anxious about.



PTP
Of all Latin American countries hosting Venezuelans, Peru merits recognition for its new temporary work/study permit scheme. The Permiso Temporal de Permanencia (PTP) is a work and study permit provided exclusively to Venezuelan citizens for a period of one year, with the possibility of renewal.
While Peru receives praise for hosting Venezuelans, it must be understood that the PTP is not a protection instrument guaranteeing a breadth of rights. On paper, it is simply a residence permit allowing Venezuelans to work and study for a period of one year and, although this may be suitable for some applicants, it is not appropriate for those who have fled their country because their lives, safety and freedom are threatened

BLOG NOTES:
     Although the information reviewed here is far from what is necessary to distinguish those who have proper credentials from those who do not, and to whom access is granted, it can at least be helpful in opening a dialogue for future asylum seekers from Venezuela.
     The "Legal Framework" document lists a minimum of 12 categories governing entry and stay ranging from political refugee to immigrant.   The "Travaux Preparatoires" (The Refugee Convention, 1951) is 272 pages and beyond the scope of initial analysis to provide a guideline for who's in and who's out. However, it infers that one would possibly have to establish that the immigrant was a "political refugee" to qualify for asylum status. As for PTP, there appears a shortfall from administrators for PTP as a substitute for actual asylum. (See supporting documents fmreview)

Recent Entries//Eyeless on Campus



Supporting Documents:
https://ojo.pe/ciudad/migraciones-revela-quienes-unicos-venezolanos-podran-ingresar-sin-pasaporte-peru-261210/?ref=list_cover_1
http://www.migracionoea.org/index.php/en/sicremi-en/34-sicremi/publicacion-2012/paises-en/547-marco-normativo-que-regula-la-migracion-internacional-peru.html
http://www.unhcr.org/4ca34be29.pdf
http://www.fmreview.org/latinamerica-caribbean/parent.html#_edn2

Saturday, August 25, 2018

THE ECUADOR CORRIDOR--Rumichaca to Huaquillas Crossing--ON THE ROAD TO LIMA





Last humanitarian corridor buses arrived at Huaquillas

     At 08:30 this Saturday, August 25, 2018, the last five buses of the humanitarian corridor arrived at Huaquillas . 15 units did it around 03:30. An estimated 752 Venezuelan migrants arrived in the units during the early morning hours. Of them, the majority counted on the passport that from today, 25 of August of the 2018, the neighboring country of the south demands.
     Fabrizio Riofrío, zonal coordinator of the Secretariat of Risk Management, said that the few foreigners who do not have the document are being advised to obtain a letter of refugees in Peru . In the facilities of the Binational Border Service Center (Cebaf) in Ecuador, there are three tents that were used to lodge the travelers while waiting for the exit stamp of their documents.
     Also for those who did not have it and chose to wait. Marioti Ascario, 26, arrived this morning from Anzuatie (Venezuela). He does not carry his passport and the apostille card requested by Ecuador since August 24 when the Court accepted an action for protection. For now, he hopes to arrive at the Cebaf in Peru and request a letter of refuge that will allow him to travel in that country for a year.
      The flow of Venezuelans in both Cebaf is normal. In the immigration booths the rows are approximately 50 people and it does not take even two hours to seal the passports.






TULCÁN Writing.
Marcia Chirinos, who came from Caracas and remained stranded for 72 hours in Rumichaca, because she did not have a passport to enter Ecuador, overflowed in joy when she heard that buses would arrive to take the migrants stuck in this place to Huaquillas.
He assures that he never lost faith and that he planned to leave for Lima on Friday without the corresponding visa, given the restrictions that apply in Ecuador and began to be applied today in Peru.
Last Thursday, it was not an ordinary day for these foreigners, who claim to have received the best news of the year. Smiling and impatient, they waited since 8:00 pm the day before yesterday for the arrival of the units.
Beneficiaries
Jorge Lopera, 65 years old, who could not stand the current situation his country is going through, was another of the beneficiaries of this so-called humanitarian corridor, which generated expressions of joy and raised the self-esteem of these people.
Jorge, since two weeks ago was based in Tulcán, where he managed to access a job in a local farm. There, he pretended to make a few dollars to continue to Peru, where his children and wife are.
The two Venezuelans are part of the group of approximately 500 emigrants who took the buses for free to reach Peruvian territory. Previously, they fixed their luggage outside the Binational Border Center to start the long journey.



They counted the hours
In the park Isidro Ayora (Tulcán), another group of 'llaneros' concentrated in that place, which for more than a week has been used as a resting area for migrants, waiting for the units to arrive.
A real atmosphere of emotion was evident in these travelers, who thanked the Ecuadorian Government for the charitable measure that will allow them in some cases to join their families and in others to seek a new future. Everyone counted the hours, since the objective was to arrive on time, before the application for a passport on the Ecuadorian - Peruvian border came into force.
At 04:45 on Friday, the first seven units went out, of the 36 assigned to the northern part of the country, bound for the southern border of the country. Many of the travelers to start the engines the drivers of the buses cried, since they saw near the objective that they were proposed.
Javier Lucero, deputy governor, informed that they were going to employ between 12 and 15 hours of travel and that approximately 650 Venezuelan citizens used the cars of several cooperatives.
It was reported that an exception was made during the days of Thursday and Friday so that the laggards could continue the trip by presenting only the identity card, which allowed them to access the AT. (CMRV)



Relevant reports:

Supporting Documents:
https://www.elcomercio.com/actualidad/ultimos-buses-corredorhumanitario-venezolanos-huaquillas.html
https://www.lahora.com.ec/carchi/noticia/1102180931/mas-de-650-venezolanos-fueron-movilizados-en-buses-desde-carchi-hacia-huaquillas
https://twitter.com/search?f=tweets&q=Huaquillas&src=typd
https://twitter.com/i/status/1033452745305608192

THE ROAD TO LIMA----Bus Caravan Across Ecuador---EL SPECTADOR, 08/25/18 TRANSLATED


El Espectador

sábado 25 de agosto

According to some denunciations, the government of Ecuador would have prevented the passage of Venezuelans to Peru, which from this Saturday will require passports to migrants who wish to enter the country.
Hundreds of travelers tried to cross the border between Ecuador and Peru in Tumbes, before the new regulation that requires passports to Venezuelans came into effect. AFP
Venezuelans denounced on Saturday that Ecuador "cheated" them and delayed their transfer by road to Peru, which prevented them from crossing to that country before the passport requirement began to apply. "The (Ecuadorian) officials deceived us," Audrey Mojica, a 25-year-old Venezuelan, told AFP that along with a group of friends, arrived early Saturday morning at Huaquillas, the last Ecuadorian migration point before Peru, in one of the buses provided by Ecuador. Also read: Why do so many Venezuelan migrants have no passport?
They offered us transportation "to get us out of Ecuador, they had us as prisoners and they delayed us to leave us practically adrift, neither in Ecuador nor in Peru," he added.
This young woman with rebel hair and freckles said that the journey from Rumichaca, on the border with Colombia, to the border with Ecuador and Peru took 24 hours, almost six hours longer than usual for that route.




The delay, he warned, was the culprit of not being able to cross into Peru before that country began to demand a passport Saturday before the migratory wave of Venezuelans, many of whom, like Mojica, do not have that document because of the shortage of paper in Venezuela.
"The police officials stopped the buses unnecessarily," he said on the bridge that joins the two nations and surrounded by a dozen migrants who joined their demands. You may be interested: Ecuador opens "corridor" to expedite the arrival of Venezuelans to Peru
Joan David Torres was one of them. This 37-year-old electrician assured that the police ordered to stop the caravan of buses left on Friday from Rumichaca more frequently than necessary. "You saw the evil that was there, every ten minutes they stopped and they took pictures of us, we are not clowns," he said.
Ariadmi Figueroa, in as much, assured that the conductor of the bus in which he traveled did not know the route to arrive at the limits with Peru. "It took us five hours to go around . It seems to me that all this was a deception, with what reason? With being late," said the 18-year-old.
None of the three has a passport, so they needed to get to the border before 00:00 hours this Saturday. If they had done so, they would have been enough with the ID card and the Andean letter to enter Peru.
Some migrants who failed to pass now point to seek refuge in Peru. Others do not know what to do and continue in the respective migratory headquarters.
One of the bus drivers recognized the AFP under a name reservation that the police stopped them frequently and even diverted them from the traditional routes to reach Huaquillas.

-----------------------------------------------------

EL GOBIERNO ECUATORIANO ACTIVÒ EL CORREDOR HUMANITARIO PARA VENEZOLANOS EN ECUADOR, 34 BUSES LLEGARON A RUMICHACA, PARA TRASLADAR DE FORMA GRATUITA A LOS INMIGRANTES HACIA HUAQUILLAS, FRONTERA CON EL PERU, EL UNICO REQUISITO ES PRESENTAR CÈDULA O TARJETA ANDINA.

Translated from Spanish by
The Ecuadorian government ACTIVÒ the humanitarian corridor for Venezuelans in ECUADOR, 34 buses arrived in RUMICHACA, to transfer for free to the immigrants to HUAQUILLAS, border with PERU, the only requirement is to present CÈDULA or Andean card.

For its part, the Ecuadorian government denied the alleged delaying maneuvers and highlighted the humanitarian efforts of its country to transport almost 1,000 people on buses since Friday.
"In no way did we try to delay, I do not think the country in that sense would gain anything, the interest of the ministries that were involved was to try to take a dignified step and humanitarian exit and guaranteeing that all rights are protected," he told AFP Carlos Basante, undersecretary of the entity in charge of the mobilization within the humanitarian corridor opened by Ecuador.
The undersecretary of response of the Secretariat of Risk Management (SGR), explained that according to what was organized, two stops were made for a medical check-up and food.
Between the two, "completely planned", it took an hour and a half, he said. Ecuador, where the authorities estimate that some 200,000 Venezuelans live, has become a country of passage for migrants fleeing the crisis towards Peru, Chile or Argentina, in crossings of thousands of kilometers that many cover on foot for long stretches .
In recent weeks, some 2,500 Venezuelans have entered each day, according to official figures, but the number skyrocketed after Peru demanded a passport.
Ecuador, which also demanded this document, opened a humanitarian corridor on Friday to facilitate the passage to the neighboring nation.

Supporting Documents:
https://www.elespectador.com/noticias/el-mundo/migrantes-venezolanos-dicen-que-ecuador-los-engano-y-dilato-sus-viajes-peru-articulo-808287
https://twitter.com/search?q=Rumichaca&src=typd

THE ROAD TO LIMA-- A Mass Migration Quagmire--VENEZUELA BEYOND ANTHROPOLOGY

UNIVERSITY OF NEVADA, RENO, FALL 2018, UNDERGRADUATE STUDIES



     Miss Universe, in its 65 years of existence, witnessed the crown going to Miss Venezuela 5 times. Some of the most beautiful women in the world come from South America with Caracas the center of the universe. In 2013, Miss Venezuela, Maria Gabriela Isler took the title. A year later, the international oil market crashed. Some theorists predicted the end of the Age of Fossil Fuels was at hand not due to consumption, but ironically to conservation. Venezuela's economy, oil pegged, tanked overnight. A new regime replaced democratic stability in Caracas; socialist, repressive, and corrupt. It couldn't give gas away, it became the target of US sanctions for drug trafficking, money laundering and cheating the people out of the basics of food and medicine. The economy collapsed, its currency inflated to science-fiction proportions and the people began to starve. Riots broke out in the streets and were met with brutal suppression as the casualty count reached levels of condemnation from the international community. The people had two choices, leave or die, they chose the former.

     Immigration denotes a disciplined, well-coordinated effort of the individual involved to relocate to another region. It has been incorrectly confused and aberrated by the illegal undocumented march of expatriates from Central America into the United States. Upon arrival, the man without a country found himself separated from his family, his kids thrown into a detention camp and his image tarnished by political rhetoric designed to elevate the pompous politician at the expense of the pitiful peasant. Political correctness was thrown to the wind and the immigrant became a stigma on the destination society. In fact, he wasn't an immigrant at all but a refugee. As if there wasn't enough disinformation going around about the status of the immigrant to the United States, an even greater negative response began to arise as the new mass exodus out of Venezuela began. The international community, reeling from recent mass migrations such as out of North Africa and Myanmar, found itself faced with a completely new, and in fact, unique new migration. 
     Malthusian dynamics insist that populations expand exponentially as food availability grows arithmetically but it can also be applied to the lack thereof. One might theorize that the exponential expansion of migration is directly related to the arithmetic availability of subsistence. No one could have envisioned the immigration explosion into Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru as the Venezuelan economy crashed and burned, leaving wealth in the hands of a corrupt socialist dictatorship. The degree to which the warnings went unheeded and the sanctions summarily imposed should have been the clue. Were the people too complacent, had they been living the high life too long as profits from oil exports rolled in? Did they ignore calls for diversification of the economy until it was too late? The answer to all of the above, most definitely. But none of the above lends to any practical study of the anatomy of the current migration quagmire. None of it relates to where the refugees came from, how far they travelled, what they had to sell, how they got to the border and did they have a passport when they got there?

     Important as all the components of the refugee status is the reaction of Venezuela's neighbors in accepting the surge at the border.  The immigrant influx across the Mexican border into the United States is trivial in comparison to the immediate South American mass exodus out of Venezuela. The numbers are staggering, the distances travelled, sometimes on foot, are wearisome and those who are making the trek have probably never gone any further than their local convenience store back in the city. It wasn't war that pushed them out, it was the lure of survival that brought them in to their neighbors' nations.  Fortunately, without the assistance of North American media too preoccupied in pseudo-political intrigue in Washington, we can follow the refugee plight on social media. Realtime reports, although fragmented and in Spanish, have been coming across Twitter under various hashtags such as #Tumbes, #venezolanos, #Huaquillas #Rumichaca and similar tags that present a clear picture of the unfolding human drama. 


Me uno en pedir a quien vea a un Venezolano en necesidad que lo AYUDE por favor 🙏🏻!!!!
Translated from Spanish by
I would like to ask anyone who sees a Venezuelan in need to help him please 🙏🏻!!!!
     No one can appreciate more the level of human endurance required to walk several hundred miles on foot, without food, sleep or money, carrying belongings and children, than the anthropologist. Without sacrifice, without  hope for a better future and the willingness to take the ultimate risk, mankind will not survive. The anthropologist might be willing to live with natives in a hut on an island, he might find some fascination in the rituals of those in tribal environments. We have yet to see anthropologists who can go along, walk hundreds of miles, from a broken urban ghetto to a border where refugees are forced to squat due to lack of proper credentials, and live the experience of the modern immigrant such as the Venezuelan expatriate. All we see now is some news crew doing a standup as the refugees march silently by in the rain toward the pot of gold at the end of the rainbow on the Road to Lima.





Recent Reports:
THE ECUADOR CORRIDOR--Rumichaca to Huaquillas Cro...

Supporting Documents:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Miss_Universe_titleholders
https://www.state.gov/e/eb/tfs/spi/venezuela/
https://www.treasury.gov/resource-center/sanctions/Programs/Pages/venezuela.aspx
https://www.postcarbon.org/the-oil-price-crash-of-2014/
http://theconversation.com/inside-venezuelas-economic-collapse-80597
http://twitter.com
http://facebook.com

Sunday, August 19, 2018

CLASSIC FILM REVIEW #2---Stellar Female Performances--FROM JODIE TO JULIE

ATTN CD@TACNET VIA JC@AMBUSH/PATROL  SUBJ

(LZ410 Danang)-- Following several more classic ladies in outstanding roles,

1.)  Contact  (1997) -- d. Robert Zemeckis starring Jodie Foster, Matthew McConaughey






2.) It Started in Naples (1960)  d. Melville Shavelson starring Sophia Loren and Clark Gable





3. ) The Professionals (1966)   d.  Richard Brooks starring Claudia Cardinale, Lee Marvin and Burt Lancaster



4.)  Americanization of Emily  (1964 ) d. Arthur Hiller starring Julie Andrews and James Garner



..FWD MERTZ SCULLERY   28TH CP SAN MATEO....

Saturday, August 18, 2018

#VENEZUELA-- Refugee Crisis in Colombia--US HOSPITAL SHIP DEPLOYMENT--IS IT PRACTICAL?

FWD CMD//VIA COC  SUBJ  DUBIOUS AT BEST THE LOGISTICS


(The Galley)-- DoD announced this week deployment of the USNS Comfort to current destination undetermined in effort to relieve Colombia of major influx, Venezuelan refugees. According to the Carol Rosenberg article posted at military.com, the timetable and the actual deployment of the ship has yet to be mapped out. It doesn't take a logistics expert to see that the majority of the refugees have been reported streaming across the border bridge into Cucuta, about halfway down the eastern border. That city is nearly 400 miles from the Venezuelan capital alone.


                                                       USNS Comfort (military.com/official USN photo)

     The nearest major port on the Atlantic side of Colombia, since the Comfort is probably sailing from the east coast of the United States, would realistically be Cartagena. That major port city is an additional 400 mile trek from Cucuta north along state route 45 to the Caribbean city. The advantage of this location over Barranquilla further to the northeast is the major airport located directly on the waterfront, the Rafael Nunez International.



Located at the Nunez Intl is adequate helipad access for any medevac hops necessary from the Comfort anchored either offshore or at the port itself.


Be advised that no matter the location, the increased risk to American personnel operating in a nation that has a track record of violence and drug wars, such as Colombia, not to mention the instability of the core of the problem, Venezuela, makes the mission dubious at best. There would be every reason to believe that personnel aboard the hospital ship would be required to exercise field operations not just in the port city but far inland at the actual border crossing location, Cucuta.
     Note there are any number of other relief organizations, not just at the UN but freelance such as Doctors Without Borders, that might be better suited for such an unpredictable mission that might meet with less than desirable results in the long run. The more realistic approach would be attempts, possibly through a third party mediator such as Cuba, to allow refugee control units into Venezuela itself in order to find a solution to the unfolding humanitarian catastrophe.


Supporting Documents:

https://www.military.com/daily-news/2018/08/18/mattis-says-he-plans-send-us-navy-hospital-ship-aid-venezuelan-migrants.html


REF MERTZ SCULLERY//CARROT DETAIL//GALLEY//0-D-30...







CLASSIC FILM REVIEW---Stellar Female Performances--FROM DEBORAH TO DEBBIE

ATTN CD@0-D-30 VIA JC BUNKER 007 SUBJ  SCENES...

(Scullery)-- Following just a few priceless performances by ladies in film:

1.) Heaven Knows Mr. Allison (1957) d. John Huston starring Robert Mitchum and Deborah Kerr






2.)  Giant  (1956) d. George Stevens  starring  James Dean, Rock Hudson and Elizabeth Taylor




3.) Gone With the Wind  (1940)   d. Victor Fleming starring Clark Gable, Vivien Leigh and Olivia de Havilland




4.) How the West Was Won   (1963)  d. John Ford, Henry Hathaway starring James Stewart, Gregory Peck and  Debbie Reynolds



REF TO MERTZ, GI DETAIL, BACK LANDING 28TH CP SAN MATEO...

MARIA BUTINA--The Gun Rights Spy Who Wasn't--- BACKCHANNEL FALLOUT HYPE

FWD CD@TACNET VIA JC@AMBUSH/PATROL   SUBJ  TRAIL OF EVIDENCE


(LZ 410 Danang)--Procedure is everything in a court of law and without it, a case can make a lead investigator look like Sheriff Andy of Mayberry's deputy, Barney. Such is the pending case against Russian national Maria Butina, accused of failure to register as a foreign lobbyist, the charges of which now appear to be funding Russian interests in US elections by funneling money to a donation principal, the National Rifle Association. Credibility isn't about the affidavit in relation to arrest and detention, but  FBI procedure in relation to the Justice Department's Foreign Agents Registration Act (FARA). Background on FARA can be found at the DOJ, highlights below,

1.)  From its passage in 1938 until the 1966 amendments, FARA was focused on propagandists.
2.)  Since 1966 there have been no successful criminal prosecutions under FARA and only 3 indictments returned or informations filed charging FARA violations. (The most notable was the Shah of Iran's visit in late 1970s).
3.) The threshold for a criminal investigation is the presence of reason to believe that a significant FARA offense has been committed and that sufficient evidence should be available to prove this. The common threads of the last four FARA criminal investigations were: millions of dollars in receipts or expenditures by the prospective defendants. (In the Shah's case, it was $11 million for 3-day visit).
4.) The Department usually sends a letter advising the person of the existence of FARA and the possible obligations thereunder. FARA, after all, is a malum prohibitum enactment not well known outside the legal/lobbying community.
5.)  The Department has never asked the FBI to develop a strictly civil FARA case. Civil cases are always submitted to the Assistant Attorney General, Criminal Division for approval before filing.





Returning to the affidavit, it may be noted the actual amount of money that exchanged hands for alleged meddling by Russia in American political election affairs can be found in part in section 19:






The only other section in the affidavit mentioning money is section 41 related to $3500 being placed on her credit card for expenses, hardly the "millions of dollars" common thread. There is no mention that the alleged was notified by DOJ of the requirement to file as a foreign lobbying agent, as noted in #4 from above. The affidavit is, in the best set of terms, a wishy-washy document that established its warrant from captured electronic devices that were personal belongings of Maria Butina. What was found on the devices, according to the affidavit, were emails between various actors in the script; again no mention of "millions of dollars," nor of the notification by the DOJ of the lobbying-intent letter. She was arrested for ignorance of a simple rule and donations of a paltry sum of money in comparison to prior cases, all of which failed to be prosecuted.
     Fallout of the hype swirling around Russian meddling in the US general election of 2016 appears to be the backchannel hype for Maria's arrest and nothing more. The FBI, possibly not even under orders from the DOJ, may have taken it upon itself to come up with a scapegoat to clear its own mishandling of election monitoring. Maria may have broken a couple of minor laws like failure to register as a foriegn actor, but even on the scale she operated, in comparison to the Shah of Iran's magnificent display of hard cash, she was an amateur.


Supporting Documents:

DOJ REF: FARA
https://www.justice.gov/usam/criminal-resource-manual-2062-foreign-agents-registration-act-enforcement

THE AFFIDAVIT:
https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c9/Butina_mariia_-_affidavit_-_july_2018_0_0.pdf


ATTN MERTZ GI CAN DETAIL, 28TH CP SAN MATEO, 3RD BN...